This post was last updated on March 31st, 2017 at 10:53 pm
Micro-organism is a microscopic organism, especially a bacterium, virus, or fungus (Google definition). Micro-organisms are said to be both good and bad for human beings and can be found everywhere. They can be found in doors, remotes, chairs to mention a few. These places have thousands of micro organisms that can make a person feel under the weather. On the other hand, Microbes can boost the immune system, protect us from immune diseases and so on. Microbes can also perform different functions like decomposing dead organic materials and cycling nutrients in food.
Decomposition is the release of nutrients that were previously stored in an organism’s body back to the ground(soil). The benefit of decomposition is that it helps the soil to be fertile.
Diseases Caused By Micro Organisms.
- Malaria is caused by a tiny parasitic micro-organism called plasmodium. Plasmodium is a genus of parasitic alveolates, many of which cause malaria in their hosts. The parasite always has two hosts in its life cycle: a Dipteran insect host and a vertebrate host. When a female mosquito bites you it ejects the parasite to your blood. The parasite will then travel to your liver to form more parasites which will destroy your red blood cells. Its symptoms are: sweating, vomiting, shaking, chills, fever, aches. Prevention: To prevent malaria take anti-malaria medicine or tablets, avoid mosquito bites by using insect repellent.
- AIDS is a disease in which there is a severe loss of the body’s cellular immunity, greatly lowering the resistance to infection and malignancy. It is caused by HIV and it destroys or infects the cells of the immune system. The HIV virus can be transmitted through sexual intercourse, sharing of needles, toothbrush and having contact with infected blood. The symptoms are: Fever, Aches, sore throat, swollen glands, tiredness, getting sick now and then. Prevention: There’s no vaccine to prevent HIV infection and no cure for AIDS. Good thing is that you can prevent the spreading of the virus. Avoid direct contact with infected blood, using same needle(s), toothbrush and so on.
- Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. It is one of the diseases that kills a lot of people. It is usually spread in a form of air (coughing, sneezing). It is said that people with compromised immune systems are at risk of developing active tuberculosis. Its symptoms include: Coughing blood, weight loss, night sweats, fatigue, fever, loss of appetite. Prevention: If the disease catches you, It is advised that you treat it at its ‘early stage‘ and don’t forget to take medication.
Micro Organisms Prevention
“Prevention is better than cure” so do the following to prevent Micro organism infections.
- Have safe sexual intercourse.
- Wash your hands with soap at all times.
- Wash your fruits and vegetables before eating or preparing them.
- Use gloves when dealing with wounds, blood etc.
- Don’t share your toothbrush.
- Avoid drinking dirty water – Boil them if possible.
- Open your household’s windows to allow fresh air. Avoid stuffy rooms.
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